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Sustainable revenue is essential for any government to create and deliver equitable and fair services that serve to promote the well being of its citizens. Jurisdiction is hollow without the capacity to exercise it. Comparable services across territorial jurisdictions through transfers and shared revenue has been the cornerstone of Canadian federalism, yet the same cannot be said for the fiscal relationship between Indigenous governments and the federal government, which has been based on stagnate transfers and unpredictable arrangements. There remains a clear socio-economic gap between Indigenous peoples and Canadians, resulting from the barriers created by the current construct of the fiscal relationship. Efforts have been taken to attempt to address this gap, ranging from policy frameworks to legislative regimes. A new system is needed that is feasible within the political and institutional environment, and leads to increased sustainability.