Reframing the Issues: Emerging Questions for Métis, Non-Status Indian and Urban Aboriginal Policy Research
Since the 1950s, the Aboriginal peoples of Canada have become increasingly urban. Originally the result of migration from reserves, urbanization has increasingly become the result of “ethnic mobility” and natural increase within cities. Urban Aboriginal populations now comprise roughly half of all Aboriginal people in Canada today, in particular Non-Status Indian and Métis populations (who are roughly 75% and 69% urban, respectively). These demographic facts raise a host of policy issues that, for the most part, neither scholarship nor policy-makers have adequately addressed.
The workshop focused on moving away from the negative socio-demographic trends and reactive, “deficit-based” policy-making that have characterized past policy attempts to come to terms with the urban Aboriginal population.