Publications

The Role of Management Boards in the Public Sector – Proceedings Report

In the public sector, terminology is not always a reliable indicator of function, and the term “board” can refer to a range of very different entities. This is true even within a single jurisdiction. For example, the Government of Canada includes a number of organizations whose title includes the term “board” in a sense different from that used in this paper – referring variously to administrative tribunals (the Immigration and Refugee Board), organizations with a regulatory mandate (the National Energy… Read more

The Role of Management Boards in the Public Sector – Discussion Paper

In the public sector, terminology is not always a reliable indicator of function, and the term “board” can refer to a range of very different entities. This is true even within a single jurisdiction. For example, the Government of Canada includes a number of organizations whose title includes the term “board” in a sense different from that used in this paper – referring variously to administrative tribunals (the Immigration and Refugee Board), organizations with a regulatory mandate (the National Energy… Read more

PGEx Workshop on Federal Crown Corporation Governance – Proceedings Report

The Public Governance Exchange held a workshop entitled Crown Corporation Governance Since the 2005 Review on Monday December 17, 2012. The purpose of the workshop was to examine the evolution of governance practices for federal Crown corporations in recent years, with the comprehensive 2005 Review serving to frame the issues. Specific issues were discussed such as accountability relationships, Board appointments and composition, transparency requirements, and the use of instruments such as letters of expectation and ministerial directives. Also, broad trends were considered… Read more

Beyond Section 35 Symposium, Ottawa – Discussion Paper

While past discussions on Section 35 have centered on legal applications, the upcoming Beyond Section 35 Symposium will move beyond legal implications to where the research lags – the practical hallmarks of self-government and implementation. This discussion paper is meant to help facilitate these discussions by describing the intent in the making of Section 35, what has transpired to forward the “Inherent Rights” agenda in the realm of governance and self-government, and the next steps to moving forward with an… Read more

Beyond Section 35 Symposium, Ottawa – Final Report

The Beyond Section 35 Symposium held in Ottawa in November 2012 brought together key stakeholders from Indigenous communities and institutions, practitioners, public sector and academia to discuss and reflect upon the impact of the constitutional recognition of Section 35 on the lives and relations of Indigenous Peoples in Canada. This is a summary of the discussions and recommendations that emerged from the Symposium.

Crown Corporation Governance in the Government of Canada: The 2005 Review and Beyond

Within Canadaʼs system of government, the Crown corporation is one of the oldest forms of public sector organization outside of the ministerial department, dating back over a century. It is also one of the most widely used: the federal public administration currently includes 47 parent Crown corporations, and subsidiaries that report as parents, which collectively employ some 87,000 full-time equivalent staff.

Administrative Consolidation Workshop Key Themes – PGEx

This was the first of a planned series of four PGEx workshops designed to bring together small groups of senior practitioners and governance experts to discuss topical issues and active initiatives and share insights, best practices and lessons learned. The subject of the October 25 workshop emerged from the broader theme of a December 2011 PGEx study entitled Consequences of Fiscal Restraing on Governance

Case Study: The Governance Continuum and the Canadian Wheat Board: 1965-2017

The purpose of this study is to analyze the changes across the Canadian Wheat Board’s three governance periods using an autonomy index developed by the IOG and comparatively map these results along the IOG’s Governance Continuum. The study supports the expectation that the level of autonomy accorded to an organization will be calibrated to organizational function.

Executive Perspectives on Balance in Oversight and Accountability

The Institute on Governance (IOG) is working to facilitate a dialogue on the evolving balance in accountability and oversight, reporting burden and the relationship between Agents of Parliament and the public service. The superstructure of rules, oversight and independent “guardians” has been growing since Program Review and HRDC’s grants and contributions controversy. Many of the resultant institutional arrangements and policy instruments are reaching a point of maturity. Several years into this focus on public accountability, now is a good time… Read more

PGEx: The Consequences of Restraint

When governments embark on austerity programs the pace of organizational innovation tends to increase as decision-makers look for ways to make scarce funds go further. This paper draws on experience at home and abroad to explore the intended and unintended consequences of fiscal restraint on governance. The IOG’s governance continuum provides a framework for this examination as expenditure restraint in most jurisdictions has generally involved a shift in favour of distributed governance organizations (DGOs).

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