Upon the 30th anniversary of the enactment of Section 35, which recognized and enshrined Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, the Institute on Governance convened a series of symposia, gathering together leaders and practitioners from Indigenous communities, public governments, and the private sector to reflect on the influence Section 35 has had on federal and provincial law, policy and decision-making and on indigenous governance. Following on the heels of the Beyond Section 35 symposia in Ottawa in… Read more
The Institute on Governance and Senior Associate, John Graham, hosted a brown bag lunch session on the Pangnirtung Pilot Project on Thursday March 31, 2011. Pangnirtung Pilot Inuit and First Nation communities are much more diverse in terms of basic living conditions in comparison to communities in the rest of Canada. Given this diversity, governments are beginning to adopt highly differentiated approaches for encouraging socio-economic development. Isolated communities especially require tailored approaches. Pangnirtung, with a population of just over 1300 and located on… Read more
This report is a summary of the second of a series of symposiums organized by the Sustainable Communities Directorate of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC). The purpose of the symposium was to stimulate discussion between community development experts from across the country and to explore strategies to integrate First Nations, Métis, and Inuit community development principles and approaches with government programs and policies.
This paper makes the case that broad-based taxation by First Nations governments would enhance their governance practices. The study relies on comparative government and public finance literatures as well as interviews with First Nations that have already imposed some form of taxation. It examines both the advantages of taxation and the ‘curse’ of revenue that does not arise from broad-base taxation – such as oil or natural resource wealth.
This paper summarizes the eighth and final event of IOG’s TANAGA (Towards a New Aboriginal Governance Agenda) roundtable series. The session outlined the principal elements of government-to government relations in the First Nations context, looked at best practices employed by Parks Canada in building relationships with First Nations, and explored the mutual accountability relationships between Aboriginal and federal governance institutions.
Written for three sponsoring organizations – the National Aboriginal Forestry Association (NAFA), the Forest Products Association of Canada (FPAC), and the First Nations Forestry Program (FNFP) – this paper outlines the legal and policy context affecting relationships between First Nations and the forest industry in Canada. It provides a broad contextual overview as well as detailed analyses of each provincial and territorial context, and a number of conclusions and recommendations for effectively improving First Nations forest sector participation. The analysis… Read more
This policy brief is based on IOG’s longer paper on ‘Government to Government Relationships’. It analyzes the concept of sound ‘Government to Government Relationships’, both in generic terms, and in application to the unique First Nations context in Canada. The IOG’s framework of five good governance principles is employed in building a definition useful for the evaluation and development of new government initiatives.
Responding to the increasingly common view that the goal for First Nations and the federal government is to achieve sound ‘Government to Government Relationships’, this paper seeks to define this important concept, both in generic terms, and in application to the unique First Nations context in Canada. The IOG’s framework of five good governance principles guides the construction of a practical definition of the concept, one which is useful in analysing or developing new government initiatives.
Written for three sponsoring organizations – the National Aboriginal Forestry Association (NAFA), the Forest Products Association of Canada (FPAC), and the First Nations Forestry Program (FNFP) – this paper explores developments in the complex relationships between First Nation communities and forest sector companies in British Columbia over the past five years. The analysis is based on a series of interviews with First Nation community administrators and entrepreneurs, industry representatives, and government officials, and builds on previous IOG studies on the… Read more