There is near consensus that the conditions of Indigenous peoples in Canada rank as one of our most serious shortcomings as a nation. Unacceptable gaps separate First Nations, Métis and Inuit people from other Canadians in terms of education attainment, employment and housing, and Indigenous communities continue to report disproportionate high rates of fetal alcohol syndrome, teen suicides, and chronic diseases such as diabetes. In recent years the efforts of Indigenous, Provincial and Federal governments has somewhat shifted from focusing… Read more
Upon the 30th anniversary of the enactment of Section 35, which recognized and enshrined Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, the Institute on Governance convened a series of symposia, gathering together leaders and practitioners from Indigenous communities, public governments, and the private sector to reflect on the influence Section 35 has had on federal and provincial law, policy and decision-making and on indigenous governance. Following on the heels of the Beyond Section 35 symposia in Ottawa in… Read more
The Institute on Governance and Senior Associate, John Graham, hosted a brown bag lunch session on the Pangnirtung Pilot Project on Thursday March 31, 2011. Pangnirtung Pilot Inuit and First Nation communities are much more diverse in terms of basic living conditions in comparison to communities in the rest of Canada. Given this diversity, governments are beginning to adopt highly differentiated approaches for encouraging socio-economic development. Isolated communities especially require tailored approaches. Pangnirtung, with a population of just over 1300 and located on… Read more
This summary of the third event of IOG’s TANAGA (Towards a New Aboriginal Governance Agenda) rountable series outlines the session’s presentations and discussions on the topic of environmental management and the regulatory ‘gap’ in First Nations. The evening focused on regulatory and legal structures currently existing on reserve as well as possible options for addressing this complex issue.
Based on mounting evidence that sound governance is a necessary condition for sustainable socio-economic development, this paper outlines some of the central governance challenges facing Aboriginal communities in Canada – particularly First Nations – and proposes an agenda of change to deal with these issues over the coming decade.