Needs and Options in the Use of External Advice: A Typology

What is “external advice”? We understand external to refer to anybody not employed by Government and advice to refer to any input of information that may affect the basis for decision-making or decision-making itself. As such it is difficult (and ill-advised, we would argue) to make a clear differentiation between “advice” and “consultation.” There is a gradient between obtaining expert advice from a single person all the way up to the institutionalised consultations provided by democratic instruments. This typology, written… Read more

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